A learning disability is not generally due to mental illness or emotional problems, but to the discrepancy between a child’s ability and their achievements. It is believed to be a neurobiological disorder in which the brain is structured or works differently, with the ability to speak, read, listen, spell, recall and organize reduced.
There are many signs of a learning disability in a child. Below are just a few, for more detailed information about common signs please visit out learning disability resource page:
- Performing poorly on tests
- Slow to remember facts or trouble recalling information
- Problems with paying attention
- Incomplete work
- Trouble interacting with peers
- Distracted or disorganized
The most common types of learning disabilities are:
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) – a condition in which the child is unable to control behavior due to inattention, hyperactivity or impulsiveness.
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) – the same condition as ADD, but always includes hyperactivity. A child can be diagnosed with ADD without being hyperactive.
- Dyslexia – a language based disability, which creates difficulties in understanding words, sentences or paragraphs.
- Dyscalculia – a mathematical disability, which creates difficulties solving mathematical problems or understanding concepts.
- Dysgraphia – a writing disability, which creates difficulties in forming letters or writing within a defined space.
- Auditory and Visual Processing Disabilities – a sensory disability, which creates difficulties in understanding language despite having normal hearing and vision.