Learning Disabilities

A learning disability is not generally due to mental illness or emotional problems, but to the discrepancy between a child’s ability and their achievements. It is believed to be a neurobiological disorder in which the brain is structured or works differently, with the ability to speak, read, listen, spell, recall and organize reduced.

There are many signs of a learning disability in a child. Below are just a few, for more detailed information about common signs please visit out learning disability resource page:

  • Hyperactivity
  • Performing poorly on tests
  • Slow to remember facts or trouble recalling information
  • Problems with paying attention
  • Incomplete work
  • Trouble interacting with peers
  • Distracted or disorganized

The most common types of learning disabilities are:

  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) – a condition in which the child is unable to control behavior due to inattention, hyperactivity or impulsiveness.
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) – the same condition as ADD, but always includes hyperactivity. A child can be diagnosed with ADD without being hyperactive.
  • Dyslexia – a language based disability, which creates difficulties in understanding words, sentences or paragraphs.
  • Dyscalculia – a mathematical disability, which creates difficulties solving mathematical problems or understanding concepts.
  • Dysgraphia – a writing disability, which creates difficulties in forming letters or writing within a defined space.
  • Auditory and Visual Processing Disabilities – a sensory disability, which creates difficulties in understanding language despite having normal hearing and vision.


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